Is it illegal to distil alcohol in Australia?
NO! It is NOT illegal to distil alcohol in Australia. Distilling is like driving, it's perfect legal so long as you have a license.
People presume the license has to do with safety, that the government wants to make sure we're distilling spirits safely. This could not be further from the truth. The license is actually issued by the Australian Tax Office (ATO). It's completely free, and the catch? You have to pay tax on the alcohol you produce, even if it's for personal consumption in your own home. This is because of a law passed in 1901 where the government at the time decided it was OK for beer, cider and wine to be produced tax free at home for personal use, but spirits were not. Crazy right? But hey, the law is the law and taxes are important.
This tax is built into every bottle of spirits you buy so it's not a special tax on home made spirits. If you do the calculations, you'll find your favourite spirits cost up to 90% less when you take the tax off. Based on the February 2018 excise rate of $83.84 (it goes up every 6 months) a 700mL bottles of 40% alcohol has $23.48 of excise attached to it. If that bottle costs $30, there is also $3 GST. Total tax is $26.48 which means the distiller, distributor and retailer share the remaining $3.52. That's how much that bottle of liquor actually costs.
There are a couple things to go over here. This first is permission for your still. If you buy a still 5L or under, you don't need permission from the ATO to buy it. We also don't need permission from the ATO to sell it. That's why we only sell one still, the Air Still, which is 5L. If you intend on using the Air Still to distil water, make essential oils, herbal tinctures or anything else that is not for drinking, you don't need a license from the ATO. Go for gold. If you use the Air Still to produce alcohol for drinking, you need an excise manufactures license from the ATO and you need to pay tax on that alcohol.
But 5L is pretty small right? As our mothers always said, if you're going to do something, do it properly. That's why we sell 25L boilers and condensers that can be attached to each other to make a still, like the Turbo 500. Because these two things are not attached when you purchase them, you don't need permission to buy them and we don't need permission to sell them. You will however need permission to "manufacture" a still before attaching a condenser to a boiler over 5L. You will need this permission even if you're not using the still to produce drinking alcohol. If you're going to use the still to produce drinking alcohol, you need an excise manufactures license from the ATO and you need to pay tax on that alcohol.
There is some good news. From 1st July 2017, you can claim a refund of 60% of the excise duty you have paid on spirits you have distilled. The maximum refund you can claim is $30,000 per financial year and it must be made within 12 months of paying the excise duty.
- Want a still over 5L? You'll need to Get Permission
- Planning to produce alcohol to drink? You need an Excise Manufacturer License
- Want to claim 60% of your excise back? Here's information on the Refund Scheme
The most important thing is, don't be scared! The ATO are really friendly and helpful. Make sure you buy the right equipment and use the right ingredients to ensure you're distilling safely. Using our equipment and distilling yeasts, you'll only be producing safe to drink ethanol, rather than poisonous methanol. The methanol content in our washes is so low, it can't even be detected.
There is more methanol in a glass of orange juice than in your average 25L sugar wash. The fores and heads (what we call the first part that comes out of the still) contain a higher concentration of acetone, methyl ethyl ketones and a few other higher alcohols that you don't want to drink as they cause killer hangovers. By discarding the first 50mL of a 25L wash, you're getting rid of this and the bulk of the methanol, leaving behind safe drinking pure ethanol.
Beer, wine and most spirits from the bottle shop do in fact have methanol inside, the worse the hang over the higher the methanol content of what you're drinking. Distilling your own alcohol properly with the right equipment and ingredients will produce an even cleaner, safer drink than you can buy commercially. Happy distilling!
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